Down

 

Movement

Moving from a higher position to a lower one. This is the literal meaning of down and is found in many different combinations.

come down He saw a car coming down the road.
go down The Titanic went down on her maiden voyage in 1912.
move down How many tons of cargo are moved down the river every year?
pull down Pull down the lever to start extracting juice.
put down He finished the book and put it down on the table.
ram down Ram it down his throat.
touch down The plane was quickly covered in foam when it touched down.

 

Sitting or lying in a resting position

Move your body to a lower position.

bed down Passengers stranded at Heathrow were forced to bed down on the floor.
bend down He bent down to take a look at the baby.
bed down After a lovely bath I bedded down for a lovely sleep.
bow down They bowed down before the Queen.
crouch down He crouched down and looked under the bed.
doss down If you can get me a blanket I'll just doss down on the sofa.
flop down We flopped down into seats in the waiting area.
get down  
keep down  
kip down Any chance of kipping down at your place?
kneel down  
lie down He lay down on the bed.
plump down He plumped down on the chair.
reach down  
sit down He sat down at the breakfast table looking happy.
throw down  

 

Raining

Some combinations of down indicate rain heavily.

beat down I could hear the rain beating down on the roof.
bucket down Rain is expected to bucket down this afternoon in the north of the country.
lash down The rain was absolutely lashing down by now and we were both getting pretty wet.
pelt down When I woke up, rain was pelting down, battering the window.
piss down You got back just in time, I reckon. It's going to piss down in a minute.
pour down You'd better take an umbrella with you, it's pouring down outside.

 

Reducing

It's found in combinations which mean reduce the quantity, quality, size, intensity, importance, and so on. For example, if you go for a walk in the summer and it's too hot you can have a rest to cool down. Cool down here means reduce your body temperature

bring down The government is trying to bring down the rate of inflation.
calm down He was very upset about it, but he calmed down eventually.
change down  
come down I'm waiting for the prices to come down. They say they're going to tumble.
cool down Let food cool down before putting it in the fridge or freezer.
count down  
dress down Dressing down allows staff to be comfortable and be themselves.
die down The wind blew strongly for several hours but then it started to die down.
file down There are electric nail files on the market that are specifically made to file down dog's nails.
get down  
go down When interest rates go down, people and businesses are encouraged to borrow and spend more, boosting the economy.
keep down Please keep your voice down or they will hear you.
knock down She got the owner to knock down the price.
let down  
live down Jake has spent his life trying to live down his father's reputation.
mark down The dress was marked down more than 50 percent, from $125 to just 55 bucks.
narrow down They narrowed the number of suspects down to three.
play down The president is trying to play down claims of financial mismanagement and vote-rigging.
quiet down  
quieten down Can you ask the children to quieten down? They're making so much noise I can't hear myself think.
run down  
sand down  
shrink down In some areas, delivery times on standard items will shrink down to two or three days.
simmer down There's been a little bit of tension around the house. Wayne thinks that he and Brian just need a little time apart so they can let things simmer down a bit.
slow down You are driving too fast. Please slow down.
slim down Regular exercise can help you slim down.
thin down  
tone down This letter is too aggressive and impolite - It'll be more effective if you tone it down.
trade down  
turn down When the liquid boils, turn the heat down and simmer it for 10 minutes.
water down I'm pretty sure they were watering down the drinks.
wind down  

 

Failure, defeating, collapsing, attacking and destroying

back down My father was a man who would never back down.
break down Sorry I'm late. The car broke down on the way here.
climb down The government was forced to climb down.
close down A maternity centre where many celebrity mothers choose to give birth is to close down.
come down She came off the antidepressants again - and, once more, came down with a crash.
come down with  
get down Bad weather really gets me down.
go down  
go down with  
gun down A prominent Russian federal judge was gunned down at the entrance to his apartment complex in Moscow on Monday.
hunt down President Bush has promised to hunt down those behind the attack.
let down We're relying on you to do it. You won't let us down, will you?
know down The property was devastated and had to be knocked down.
pull down They've pulled down those old building in Church Street to make way for a new supermarket.
put down The police quickly put down the riots.
shut down Legal action will be taken to shut down sites that fail to comply with the law.
step down I think he should step down as chairman and let someone younger take over.
strike down  
tear down They're seeking permission to tear down the building.
turn down He was offered an excellent job in Canada, but he turned it down because he didn't want to leave France.

 

Swallowing food and drink

bolt down  
chow down  
drink down  
force down  
get down  
gobble down  
gulp down Your taste buds will explode with ecstasy as you gulp down this incredibly delicious Banana Split Ice Cream flavored delight.
keep down  
slip down The wine complemented the fish perfectly and slipped down really well.
stay down  
wash down  
wolf down The kids wolfed down their food so they could go and watch telly.

 

Writing; on paper; with certainty

copy down  
get down Get the basics down by watching a short introduction video.
jot down  
lay down The Directives lay down the hygiene conditions under which wild game meat is to be obtained, processed and inspected, in order to prevent food poisoning.
nail down  
note down She noted the answers down so that she could try the exercise again later in the week.
peg down We need to start pegging down the venue so we can make reservations if needed.
pin down  
put down  
scribble down  
take down Mrs Stevens was at the meeting, so her secretary took down my message.
write down It wasn't enough for her simply to hear new sounds or words. She had to see them written down.

Basic essentials

Separate something into pieces or show its most important or basic part or idea. 

boil down to A lot of this boils down to lack of education.
break down Bacteria break down the animal waste to form methane gas.
buckle down  
come down to  
get down to  
nail down  
pin down It was always hard to pin him down to a definite answer.
strip down  

 

Along

Sometimes down means the same as along.

come down  
drive down Can I drive down this road and get to the High Street?
go down  
walk down I was walking down the road when I saw him.

Cleaning with water

hose down Hose down the car, from top to bottom.
rub down  
scrub down  
soap down  
towel down  
wash down Any waste food that is washed down the sink will add to the problem.
wipe down  

 

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