Dictionary: letter S

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sail through pass [sail through, sail through something] (insep) (bill, exam, examination, legislation, proposal, test) pass something easily breeze through, sweep through, walk through scrape through something  pasar sin dificultad

scare away [scare someone away, scare something away] (dog, bird) make someone or something leave using fear frighten away, scare off  espantar

scare off scare away

scratch out [scratch something out] (existence, living, income) try hard to make a living, usually with little money or food eke out  ganarse la vida, sobrevivir

screw up [screw up, screw something up] spoil or ruin something mess up  arruinar, joder

seal off block [seal something off] (area, street) block something cordon off, cut off  acordonar

sell out (concert, tickets) sell something until it's finished  agotarse

see off 1 [see someone off] go to the airport, station, etc. to say good-bye to someone wave off  despedir

2 [see someone off, see something off] (attack, opponent, opposition, challenger) deal with some kind of danger and defeat it  correr

see through 1 [see something through] (job, project) make sure something is completed successfully  llevar a cabo

2 [see through someone] (insep) be able to clearly see what someone's intentions are and not be deceived  calar, adivinar la intención

send in [send something in] (application, donation, request, entry, coupon, article, report, order) send something somewhere so that it's dealt with it officially  enviar

serve out [serve something out] (sentence, term) do something until the end of a fixed period  servir

set aside 1 [set something aside] (food, money, time) save something so it can be used later put aside  reservar, ahorrar

2 [set something aside] (differences, ego, pride) stop considering something put aside  dejar de lado

set back 1 cost [set someone back] cost a certain amount of money knock back  costar

2 hinder [set someone back] delay progress in what you're doing hold back  retrasar

set in (insep) (darkness, dispair, fear, infection, panick, rain, reality, winter) start and continue for some time  meterse

set off (insep) start a journey set out  partir

Set out (insep) set off

set up [set something up] (committee, commission, investigation, public enquiry, fund, business, company, organization, system) start something  montar, organizar

idiom set up house when you set up house, you start your own home. idiom set up shop When you set up shop, you start a business

settle down (insep) behave responsibly and live in a regular way, especially when you get married  establecerse, sentar cabeza, asentarse

settle in (insep) (home, job, office, school, routine) move into a new home, job, and start feeling confortable there  sentirse cómodo

Sex up [sex something up] make something look more interesting or exciting spice up  hacer más atractivo

shake off 1 [shake something off] (cold, fever, illness, image, habbit, depression) get rid of something  sacudirse de encima, librarse de

2 [shake someone off] (the police, photographers, pursuers) scape from someone

shake up 1 [shake something up] mix something by shaking  mezclar

2 (department, industry, cabinet, system) reorganize something completely   reorganizar

3 [shake someone up] be shocked   sacudir

shoot across/off/out/up (insep) move fast or leave in a hurry   moverse con rapidez

shoot up (insep) (prices) increase very quickly   aumentar muy rápido

shop around (insep) visit different shops in order to find the cheapest price   comparar precios

shore up [shore something up] (building, wall, argument, case, confidence, image, support) do something to support or make something stronger   apuntalar

show up (insep) arrive turn up   aparecer

shut down [shut something down] (factory, plant, business, company, shop, production) close a place permanently close down   cerrar

shut up 1 [shut up, shut someone up] stop talking clam up   callarse

2 [shut something up] close a place lock up   cerrar

sift through [sift through something] (insep) (evidence, documents, papers, rubble, wreckage) examine every part of something in order to find something   examinar

single out [single something out, single someone out] choose someone from a group for special treatment pick out   escoger, señalar, dar un trato diferente

sink in understand or realize the effect of something, usually something unpleasant   asumir, interiorizar

siphon off [siphon something off] dishonestly take money from an organization and use it for a different purpose   desviar, desviar fondos

sit down move into a sitting position   sentarse

sit up sit properly so that your back is straight   sentarse bien, sentarse derecho

skive off (insep) spend time doing nothing, esp. avoiding work goof off   hacer novillos

slag off [slag someone off] criticize someone, especially when they're not there   criticar, poner a parir

slave away work hard continously   trabajar duro

slim down lose weight   adelgazar

slip out (insep) (secret, remark, word) say without intention   meter la pata

slip up (insep) make a mistake   meter la pata

slow down (insep) move or do something more slowly   ir más despacio

smooth over [smooth something over] (differences, difficulties, problems, things, dispute) deal with problems or difficulties   resolver

snap up [snap something up] (bargain, offer) buy something quickly before other people do, because it is cheap   pillar

sneak away/in/off/out (insep) go somewhere quietly to avoid being seen   colarse, escabullirse

soldier on (insep) continue doing something even though it might be difficult   persistir

sort out [sort something out] find a solution for something   solucionar

spark off [spark something off] (alarm, explosion, fight, war, vilence, incident, illness) when something sparks off something else, it makes it happen set off, trigger off   provocar

speak up 1 (insep) speak in a louder voice   hablar en voz alta

2 defend (insep) express an opinion, especially to support someone or an idea   defender

spell out [spell something out] explain something very clearly or in detail   dejar claro

spew out [spew something out] (smoke, water, lava, curses) produce a lot of something; usually something bad   soltar

splash out (insep) spend a lot of money, perhaps too much, on something   gastar a manos llenas

split up (insep) finish a relationship break up   separarse

spruce up [spruce up, spruce someone up] make yourself look neat and attractive smarten up   acicalarse, arreglarse

squeeze in [squeeze someone in] (insep) have or find time to see someone fit in   meter

stand by 1 (insep) be ready for action   estar preparado

2 support [stand by someone] (insep) support someone when they need you   apoyar

stand down resign (insep) leave your job to someone else stand aside, step aside, step down   dimitir

stand in for [stand in for someone] (insep) do someone's job temporarily because they can't cover for, fill in for, sit in for   sustituir

stand out (insep) be clearly noticeable stick out   destacar

stand up 1 (insep) rise to your feet so you're not sitting or lying anymore   levantarse

2 [stand someone up] arrange to meet someone and you don't go (usually in a romantic relationship)   dejar plantado

start out (insep) take the first steps or actions in a business, career or situation   comenzar

stave off [stave something off] (cold, crisis, hunger, effects, war) stop something bad happening   evitar

stay away avoid [stay away from someone, stay away from a place] avoid someone or something   evitar, alejarse

stay in (insep) not go out   no salir

step down (insep) leave your job to someone else stand down   dimitir

step up [step something up] (efforts, production) increase the speed or amount of something   aumentar

stick about/around (insep) stay in the same place   quedarse

stick out (insep) be clearly noticeable stand out   destacar

stir up [stir something up] (trouble, hatred, anger, opposition, discontent, dissent, violence, the past, things, memories, passions, unrest, rebellion, revolt) cause bad feeling intentionally   suscitar, provocar

stop off (insep) interrupt your journey for a while   parar un momento, darse una vuelta por

stop by (insep) pay someone a short visit drop by   dejarse caer

strike up (insep) [strike up something] (conversation, friendship, relationship) start to talk to be friendly to someone   entablar

stumble across [stumble across someone/something] find something by chance come across, bump into   tropezar con

stump up (insep) pay for something when you don't want to cough up   soltar, aflojar, pagar

sum up repeat the main ideas in a few words   resumir

suss out [suss someone out] discover what someone is really like   calar

sweep away 1 destroy [sweep through something] (insep) (dreams) destroy something   barrer con

sweep through spread fast [sweep through, Sweep through something] (fear, fire, news, panic, waves, winds) move quickly and with force   propagarse, extenderse

sweep up [sweep something up] clean something with a groom   barrer

switch off 1 [switch something off] (radio, TV, engine) make something start turn off switch on, turn on   apagar

2 (insep) stop paying attention   desconectar

switch on [switch something on] (radio, TV, engine) make something start turn on switch off, turn off   encender

 

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