Dictionary: letter P

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pack in 1 stop [pack something in] (job, course, university) leave something because you find it very difficult to continue chuck in, jack in  dejar

2 include [pack something in] include or do as many things as possible fit in

idiom pack it in (british, spoken) tell someone to stop doing something because it's annoying you

pack up (insep) break (car, computer, system, machine) stop working because of a serious problem break down, pack in  romperse

pan out (insep) happen in a particular way  suceder

pass away (insep) die  morir

pass on [pass something up] (information, message) give something to another person  pasar

pass out (insep) lose consciousness black out come round, come to bring round, bring to  desmayarse

pass up [pass something up] (deal, opportunity, chance, offer) not take advantage of something; discard snap up, take up  no aprovechar, dejar pasar

pass away die (insep) die - used to avoid the word 'die' pass on  morir

patch up [patch something up] (differences, quarrel, things, dispute, marriage, friendship) be friends again  arreglar, resolver algo

pay in [pay something in] (money, cheque) put money into a bank account

pay off 1 succeed (insep) (plan, planning, gamble, risk, effort, hard work, patience, persistence) be successful  valer la pena, dar frutos

2 [pay someone off] (insep) (debt, loan, mortgage, creditor) pay someone all the money you owe them so that you are not in debt anymore  pagar, devolver

3 [pay someone off] (insep) (officials) give someone money so they keep quiet about something illegal  sobornar

pencil in [pencil something in, pencil someone in] make a provisional arrangement or appointment  apuntar

perk up [perk someone up, perk something up] make someone feel more energetic liven up  animar

peter out (insep) (path, track, road, voice, conversation, enthusiasm, supplies, engine, storm, attack, protest) gradully become smaller or less intense and end  acabarse, apagarse

phase in [phase something in] introduce something gradually or in stages  introducir gradualmente

phase out [phase something out] stop something gradually or in stages  eliminar gradualmente

pick up 1 [pick someone up, pick something up] (friend, passenger, hitchhiker) collect someone in your car  recoger

2 (man, woman) be very friendly with somebdoy and start a sexual relationship with them  ligar con

3 (bag, glass, baby, phone) lift something from somewhere lift up  recoger

4 (bill, tab, cheque) pay for something  pagar

5 (language, idea, habit, English, word, rude words, job) learn something easily, sometimes by chance and without much effort  aprender

6 (insep) (the economy, business, pace, prices, sales, speed, trade, demand, weather) get better  mejorar

idiom pick up the pieces when you pick up the pieces, you try to go back to a satisfactory situation after things have gone wrong

pig out [pick out, pig out on something] (junk food, fast food) eat a lot of something  atiborrarse de

pin down [pick down, pin someone down to something] (answer, date, time, price, problem) force someone to make a decision or to say clearly what their intentions are nail down, peg down  comprometer, forzar a concretar

pin on [pin something on someone] blame  echar la culpa

pile in [pile in, pile something in] arrive or enter a place in a disorganized way or in large numbers  apiñarse, amontonarse

pile on [pile on, pile something on] (criticism, pressure, pounds) say or do too much of something  acumularse

pile up (insep) (bills, debts, work) increase a lot and be difficult to manage  amontonarse

piss off 1 (insep) tell someone in a very offensive way to leave you alone bugger off, fuck off, sod off  madar al carajo

2 be annoyed or bored with something  cabrear

pitch in (insep) join others to help in whatever they are doing chip in  aportar, contribuir

plant out [plant something out] put young plants in the ground where you want them to grow  trasplantar

play down [play something down] (claims, concerns, dangers, fears, report, problem, speculation, talk, worries) try to make something look less important play up  restar importancia

play up [play something up] try to make something look more important than it really is Play down  exagerar la importancia

plough ahead (insep) continue with something ignoring any problems or difficulties  seguir adelante

plough back [plough something back] (profits) reinvest the money earned

pluck up [pluck something up] (courage) decide to be brave enough to do something  armarse de valor

plug in [plug something in] connect a piece of electrical equipment to the main supply of electricity, or to another piece of electrical equipment  enchufar

plunge in 1 [plunge in, plunge into something] (insep) (studies) start doing something with enthusiasm dive in  lanzarse

2 [plunge someone/something into something] (chaos, debt, darkness, depression, uncertainty) suddenly experience an unpleasant situation  meter, dejar

point out [point something out] (fact, mistake) draw attention to something  destacar

polish off [polish something off] (meal, cake) eat something completely or you finish it eat up  zamparse

polish up [polish something up] (meal, cake) improve, often by practising or revising  mejorar, pulir

pop round (insep) pay a short informal visit  pasar por casa de alguien

pop in (insep) pay a short visit call in, drop in  pasar por casa de alguien

pop up (insep) appear; often unexpectedly  aparecer

prop up [prop something up] support or help in some way  apoyar

pull back (insep) get out of a situation or place  retirarse

pull out 1 [pull something out] (tooth, nail, plug, gun) extract something  extraer

2 ( insep) withdraw  retirarse

idiom pull out all the stops do everything possible to make something succeed

pull  through [pull through, pull through something, pull someone through] (crisis, illness) manage to recover after dealing with a difficult situation  recuperarse

pump in [pump something in] (money, cash, funds, supplies) provide money or resources for something pour in  meter

pump up 1 fill [pump something up] (tyre, dinghy, balloon, airbed) fill something with air blow up  inflar

2 increase  subir

push away [push someone/something away] move someone or something to a distance from you  apartar

push back delay [push something back] (date, deadline) delay; do at a later date put off  retrasar

push for ask (insep) (ban, reform, wage increase) encourage or persuade authorites to do something press for  promover

push in (insep) rudely move in front of other people in a queue who have been waiting longer than you US cut in  colarse

push into [push someone into something] try to influence or persuade someone to do something  persuadir, convencer

put about/around [put something about, put something around] (news, rumours, stories) spread bad or false news

put across [put something across] (idea, message, views, concept, point, facts, things, oneself) try to make people understand what you're trying to say  expresar, exponer

put aside 1 [put something aside] (food, money, time) save something so it can be used later set aside  reservar, guardar

2 [put something aside] (differences, ego, pride) stop considering it set aside  dejar a un lado

put away 1 [put something away] put something where it's usually kept  guardar

2 send someone to prison lock up  encerrar

3 (food, beers) eat or drink a lot of something  atiborrarse de

4 (money, sum) put money in the bank; save put by, lay aside  ahorrar

put back [put something back] return something to where it was before

put behind forget [put something behind] try to forget it  dejar atrás

put by save [put something by] (money) put money in the bank put away, lay aside  ahorrar

put down 1 lower [put something down] stop holding  dejar

2 criticize [put someone down] criticize someone or make them feel stupid  menospreciar, hablar mal de

3 kill [put something down] kill an injured or sick animal  sacrificar

idiom put your foot down use your authority to make something happen You have to put your foot down and let her know who's boss.

put down to [put something down to something] (insep) (hard work) think that something is the probable explanation for something  achacar a

put forward 1 [put something forward] (idea, plan, proposal, proposition, suggestion) offer something for consideration or discussion  proponer

2 (clock, watch) change to an earlier time put back  adelantar

put in 1 [put something in] (hard work, effort, hours, time) work hard or spend time doing something  dedicar

2 (central heating, lock, window) install something  colocar, instalar

3 (application, bid, bill, claim, offer, order, request, protest, tender) request something formally  poner, interponer

Idiom Put in an appearence: go somewhere to be seen for a short while, usually because you are expected to go

put off 1 [put someone off] make someone change their mind or stop being interested in something  disuadir, desalentar

2 [put something off] (meeting, visit, decision) do something at a later date be off, call off  posponer

put on 1 [put something on] (clothes, weight) wear something get on take off  ponerse

2 [put something on] (radio, TV) make something start working so you can use it switch on, turn on  encender

3 [put something on] (exhibition, event, play, show) organize something  organizar

put out 1 [put something out] (fire, flames, cigarette, pipe, light, lamp, candle) stop something burning  apagar

2 (press release, story, message, statement, report, call, information, issue, description, warning, word) make something public blow out  hacer público

put together 1 prepare [put something together] (ideas, plan, proposal, team) prepare something or form a group  preparar

2 assemble (kit, machine, model) join the different parts of something  ensamblar, montar

put up 1 [put someone up] give someone a bed for the night

2 [put something up] (notice, sign, poster, decorations, plaque, ladder, tent, fence, building) put something on a wall or post so that people can see it or use it stick up  colocar

3 (prices, rent, taxes) increase something go up  subir

4 [put up something] (insep) (fight, struggle, resistance, case, opposition, objections) show a lot of opposition to something  resistir, protestar

put up with [put up with someone, put up with something] (insep) (behaviour, noise, people, rudeness, situation) accept an unpleasant behaviour or situation  aguantar



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