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What is a phrasal verb?

It's the combination of a verb + a preposition resulting in a new verb with a different meaning.


The preposition changes the main verb in a logical way to mean something different.

  • I've decided to give up smoking.
  • If you want to lose weight you'll have to give up eating sweets.
  • Don't give up without a fight.

UP often means that something is finished so give up smoking means the same as stop smoking.


  • Put on your coat. It's cold.
  • Can I try on these jeans, please?
  • She had a beautiful dress on that evening.

ON is often used when we are wear something.

Phrasal verbs are very common in spoken and written English so we need them to understand and speak natural English. If you're in a hurry to learn just a few verbs, take a look at our phrasal verb list.

Many multi-word verbs have a single word alternative which is more common in formal or academic English.


Pass the Cambridge First (FCE)

First Cert Toolbox provides essential preparation for the grammar questions of the Cambridge First Certificate. The app has been completely updated for the revised exam. Each of the four sections addresses one of the four Use of English questions.

Eight short videos explain the different types of Key Word Transformation (active to passive, result clauses, use of although and despite etc), with practice exercises provided for each topic.

The Open Gap Fill section revises the different groups of grammar words (whether, than, other etc) tested in this question, with drag and drop activities, notes and exercises for each group. The Multiple Choice Gap Fill section introduces the different types of idiomatic expressions and collocations which you need to know for this part of the exam, with emphasis on prepositions and phrasal verbs. Lastly, the Word Formation section provides practice in using prefixes and suffixes to modify the grammatical class of different types of words. At the end of each section, you have the opportunity to attempt exam style questions in the format of the exam.

Use First Cert Toolbox to learn the language you need to know and improve your grammatical and lexical skills in order to maximise your score in the exam. The app costs €4.83 and is available on the Apple App Store and Google Play.


There are various grammatical aspects to bear in mind:

Can we separate the two parts of the verb?

1.- SEPARABLE: can be separated

Turn on the light  verb + preposition + object (better with a long object)
Turn the light on verb + object + preposition
Turn it on verb + object + preposition (when the object is a pronoun)
  Turn on it



2.- INSEPARABLE: can't be separated

Look after the children verb + preposition + object
Look after them verb + preposition + object
Look them after
Look the children after


3.- INSEPARABLE,NO OBJECT: can't be separated

He went away. verb + preposition
Why don't we eat out tonight? verb + preposition
Hurry up! We're going to be late. verb + preposition
Carry on working! verb + preposition


So remember that when we have an object (it, him her, the bus, etc) we need to know the word order. This information is shown in most dictionaries. But even if it isn't you should study the example to try to learn how the verb is used.

If you are not sure whether a verb is separable, don't separate it. You will always be right.

Verbs with two prepositions

Phrasal verbs like put up with sb/sth have two prepositions and are never separated. There are few verbs with two prepositions.

Phrasal verb noun & adjective forms

Just like many other verbs in the language, phrasal verbs can also be used as nouns and adjectives.

These are some examples: backup, pick-up, or slowdown, and adjectives like spaced-oud, burned-out, broken-down, and many others.

Different labels

Phrasal verbs, multi-word verbs, prepositional verbs, and so on. There are many different names for phrasal verbs but you shouldn't worry about this. The name is not important althought the most accepted term is phrasal verbs.

The preposition can be a preposition or and adverb. Again this is not important at all. You can call it a preposition, a preposition or an adverb. On this site we use the word preposition because it covers both prepositions and adverbs.

The important thing is being able to understand and use phrasal verbs.

Learn phrasal verbs properly

These two examples show you things that help you remember phrasal verbs:


Example 1.- To learn keep down try to remember...

Example 2.- To learn come across try to remember...


The meaning of phrasal verbs may not be obvious but it's usually logical.


When you become familiar with the different meanings of prepositions it's easy to understand most phrasal verbs. Try to figure out the meaning of the preposition every time you learn a new phrasal verb. Go to the pages on this site where the meanings are explained with examples and compare the new phrasal verb you are learning with similar phrasal verbs that share the same preposition meaning.

Sometimes though, it's just not possible to understand the logic behind the preposition. But there is surely a reason for speakers to use that preposition. It may just be that the choice of preposition was logical at the time to describe a common situation, but social change means we no longer find it logical because things are different now.